ATAL MISSION FOR REJUVENATION AND URBAN TRANSFORMATION
The government of India launched the Atal mission for rejuvenation and urban transformation (amrut) in 2015 as a centrally sponsored scheme with the objectives to:
- ensure that every household has access to tap with an assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;
- increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. Parks); and
- reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. Walking and cycling).
All these outcomes are valued by citizens, particularly women, and indicators and standards have been prescribed by the ministry of urban development (moud) in the form of service level benchmarks (slbs).
The amrut mission will focus on the following thrust areas:
- Water supply,
- Sewerage facilities and septage management,
- Stormwater drains to reduce flooding,
- Pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport facilities, parking spaces, and
- Enhancing the amenity value of cities by creating and upgrading green spaces, parks and recreation centres, especially for children.
The details of the mission components are given below.
- Water supply systems including augmentation of existing water supply, water treatment plants and universal metering.
- Rehabilitation of old water supply systems, including treatment plants.
- Rejuvenation of water bodies specifically for drinking water supply and recharging of groundwater.
- Special water supply arrangement for difficult areas, hill and coastal cities, including those having water quality problems (e.g. arsenic, fluoride)
- Decentralised, networked underground sewerage systems, including augmentation of existing sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants.
- rehabilitation of old sewerage system and treatment plants.
- recycling of water for beneficial purposes and the reuse of wastewater.
- Faecal sludge management- cleaning, transportation and treatment in a cost-effective manner.
- Mechanical and biological cleaning of sewers and septic tanks and recovery of operational cost in full.
- Construction and improvement of drains and stormwater drain in order to reduce and eliminate flooding.
- Ferry vessels for inland waterways (excluding port/bay infrastructure) and buses.
- Footpaths/ walkways, sidewalks, foot over-bridges and facilities for non-motorised transport (e.g. bicycles).
- Multi-level parking.
- Bus rapid transit system (brts).
Green space and parks
- Development of green space and parks with special provision for child-friendly components.
Reforms management & support
- Support structures, activities and funding support for reform implementation.
- Independent reform monitoring agencies.
- This has two components- individual and institutional capacity building.
- The capacity building will not be limited to the mission cities but will be extended to other ulbs as well.
- Continuation of the comprehensive capacity building programme (ccbp) after its realignment towards the new missions.
List of reforms
Urban planning and city level plans
1. Preparation of master plan using gis.
2. Preparation of service level improvement plans (slip), state annual action plans (saap).
3. Establish urban development authorities.
4. Make an action plan to progressively increase green cover in cities to 15% in 5 years.
5. Develop at least one children park every year in amrut cities.
6. Establish a system for maintaining parks, playground and recreational areas relying on people public-private partnership (PPP) model.
7. Make a state level policy to implement the parameters given in the national mission for sustainable habitat.
Indicative (not exhaustive) list of inadmissible components in AMRUT project:
- Purchase of land for projects or project related works,
- Staff salaries of both the States/ULBs,
- Education, and
- Wage employment programme and staff components
Preparation of master plan using gis:
Formulation of gis-based master/development plans for 500 amrut cities is one of the important reforms under amrut, which has been approved as a 100% centrally funded subscheme with a budget outlay of Rs. 515.00 crores.
The major objectives of the sub-scheme are:
- to develop common digital geo-referenced base maps and land use maps using Geographical information system (gis) and
- master plan formulation for 500 cities that are selected as amrut cities.
In order to develop national-level design and standards, the ministry of urban development constituted a committee with the members from isro, central and stpds. The committee held detailed deliberations and interactions with central and state town planning departments and experts. The design & standards have been prepared for geospatial database creation as per the requirement.
List of cities selected under amrut in Kerala: